Certain factors play a vital role in increasing the risk of getting kidney stones. Preventing kidney stones entails getting rid of or preventing the conditions that support the formation of those stones in the body. There is no method that guarantees the prevention of kidney stones especially if one’s family has a history of this condition. By combining medications with a specific diet plan, it becomes easy to reduce the risks of developing kidney stones. Making small changes to your current diet plan may go a long way in preventing kidney stones. In this article, all the necessary diet plans that can be used to prevent kidney stones have been clearly explained.
Drink Plenty of Water
One of the best ways that you can use to prevent is by drinking more water. Drinking more water is essential as it dilutes all the substances in urine thus reducing the risk of developing kidney stones. If you drink less amount of water, the urine output will be low hence less likely to fully dissolve the urine salts that are known to cause kidney stones. Drinking around two liters of water in a single day especially if you are highly prone to sweating is recommended. It is also important to include beverages such as orange juice and lemonade in your daily routine as they help in blocking the formation of kidney stones.
Eat more Foods Rich in Calcium
Calcium oxalate stones are the most common type of kidney stone that is associated with the majority of the people. Including little calcium in your diet can play a part in increasing the levels of oxalate in the body thus causing kidney stones.
It is also recommended that you get the calcium directly from food instead of purchasing calcium supplements that are linked with an increase in kidney stone formation. To prevent kidney stones, ensure that you take the correct amount of calcium that is appropriate for your age. Foods that are rich in calcium include low-fat milk, low-fat yogurt and low-fat cheese.
Reduce Sodium Intake
Taking foods such as salts that contain high levels of sodium is likely to increase the chances of developing calcium kidney stones. A high-sodium diet has been proven to trigger calcium kidney stones as it increases the amount of calcium that is available in your urine.
By taking low levels of sodium, the urine calcium levels will be in check hence reducing the risk of developing kidney stones. Foods that are associated with high sodium levels include canned vegetables, condiments, canned soups and processed foods such as crackers and chips.
Reduce the intake of Animal Proteins
Eating foods that contain too many proteins such as eggs, poultry, seafood and red meat is known to increase the level of uric acid and increase the formation of kidney stones. High intake of animal proteins can also reduce the level of citrate in the body hence making it difficult to stop the formation of kidney stones. If you want to prevent kidney stones, then taking a limited amount of animal protein will prove beneficial to your body.
Maintaining a healthy body weight
Overweight people are more likely to develop kidney stones since there is an increased stress on their kidneys. It is therefore important to or reduces your weight using the appropriate methods so that you may be able to maintain a healthy body weight. If you wish to prevent the risk of getting kidney stones, then avoiding low-carb diets, crash-dieting and animal proteins is really important.
Talk to your Doctor about the medications that you are currently using
Taking some medications without the prescription of a doctor can lead to the formation of kidney stones. It is therefore important to your doctor about any type of medication that you may have purchased over the counter.
Some of the medications that increase one’s chances of developing kidney stones include:
- Uricosuric drugs
- Protease Inhibitors
The longer a person uses any of these drugs, the higher your chances of developing kidney stones. If by any chance you are using one of these medications, talk to your doctor about the different options that are available in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Talk to your doctor about kidney stones preventive medications
People who are subjected to a given type of kidney stone can talk to a doctor who will, in turn, offer certain medications. The type of medication that your doctor will offer depends on the type of kidney stone that you wish to prevent. Below is a list of medication that will be offered depending on the type of kidney stone that you want to prevent:
- Thioxide Diuretic- Useful in preventing calcium stones
- Allopurinol(Zyloprim)- This medication is essential when it comes to reducing the amount of uric acid in your blood or urine thus preventing uric acid stones
- Capoten (Captopril) – Is helpful when it comes to reducing the level of Cystine in your urine thus preventing Cystine stones.
Taking supplements and Vitamins
There are some supplements and vitamins that have been proven to prevent the formation and growth of kidney stones. They also help in reducing the effects that kidney stones have on one’s body. They include:
- Fish oil
- pyridoxine supplements
- Vitamin B-6 that is readily available in foods such as avocados, halibut, soybeans, and bananas
- Potassium Citrate supplements
These supplements and vitamins are available at a cheaper price and consuming a given amount in a single day will prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Use Herbal Remedies
There are many herbal remedies for preventing kidney stones, the common one being Chanca Piedra, commonly known as “Stone Breaker”. This herb is essential in preventing the formation of calcium oxalate stones while at the same time reducing the sizes of any existing stone.
However, people should use herbal remedies with caution as they have not been well proven or well researched in the prevention of kidney stones.