About Kidney Pain
The Kidneys of a human being are situated in the back of the abdomen, slightly below the rib cage on both sides of your spine. When you start experiencing pain on the side, middle or lower back then this could be a sign of a certain kidney condition. However, one should not take the pain in your lower back as a kidney condition since there are other medical issues that might result in this pain. If only one kidney is suffering from a kidney condition, the pain will only be felt on the side that has the affected kidney. When all the kidneys are having a problem, one will feel pain on both sides of the body.
Causes of Kidney Pain
Kidney pains mainly come from the kidneys as a result of having a kidney disease that hinders them from operating smoothly. Some of the medical conditions that may cause Kidney pain include:
- Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection is a medical condition that is brought about by microbes which cannot be seen using the naked eye. Majority of the Urinary Tract Infections occur as a result of bacteria which may be present in the urinary tract system that contains the Kidneys, ureter, urethra, and bladder. When a Urinary Tract Infection affects the kidneys, a patient will start experiencing excruciating kidney pain that will make you restless.
- Kidney Infection
A kidney infection can also be one of the main causes of kidney pain in many people. Kidney infections mainly start from the bladder or urethra and move into one or both of your kidneys. If this medical condition is not treated within the shortest time possible, it can end up resulting in Kidney failure. Anyone that has a kidney infection will most likely feel Kidney pain since it also prevents the kidneys from working as required.
- Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic Kidney Diseases is a hereditary genetic disease that results in the growth of Cysts in your kidneys. The cysts end up making the kidneys to be larger than normal and in turn damaging all the tissues that are present in your kidneys. Bursting of the cysts can result in kidney pain which can only be controlled when a patient seeks medical attention. However, the cysts can be removed from the kidneys by a Urologist hence stopping the kidney pain that is experienced.
- Blood Clots in the Kidney
When blood clots in the kidneys, you can start experiencing kidney pain since it will not allow the kidneys to operate as required. Presence of blood clots in your kidney can result in chronic kidney diseases hence it is important to seek urgent medical attention.
- Bleeding in your Kidneys
When there is internal bleeding in the kidneys, one may start feeling kidney pain that will not go away unless medical attention is sought. There are many things that can cause bleeding in your kidneys. They include: Presence of stones in your kidneys, having a kidney diseases, kidney infections or a kidney Biopsy.
Symptoms of Kidney Pain
Apart from the pain that you feel in the sides and lower back, there are other signs and symptoms that are experienced by patients who have kidney pain. Knowing this symptoms is important since it will help you determine whether you are suffering from a normal back pain or from a kidney pain. Some of the signs and symptoms include:
- Pain when urinating
- Pain in the flanks
If you experience any of these symptoms, visit your doctor as early as possible to check the main causes of these problems.
Kidney Pain Diagnosis
Once you have sought medical attention from a medical center, your doctor will carry out a kidney diagnosis after having a word with you. Your doctor may also require you to undergo:
- Blood test
This is used by the doctor to check your general health condition and help you in knowing what is needed to live a normal life.
- Urine Test
A urine test can also be carried out to check the kidney problem that you may have. Since a kidney removes waste products in the form of urine, a urine test will display whether they are working properly or if you have a medical condition.
An ultrasound is used by a Urologist in checking the operation of the body by using sound waves. This method of diagnosing kidney pain is painless and does not depend on radiation.
Treatment of Kidney Pain
A doctor will offer treatment to a patient depending on the type of medical condition that has brought about the kidney pain. After carrying out a number of tests to determine the type of problem, your doctor will prescribe the best medication to use.
A doctor or pharmacist can prescribe the use of Paracetamol as a medication that reduces mild pain caused by the kidney problem. Paracetamol does not necessarily get rid of the condition that causes the pain but it relieves one of the kidney pain which sometimes makes it difficult to perform normal activities like walking.
If the kidney pain is caused by Kidney stones that have reached adverse levels, your doctor may ask you to undergo a surgery that will get rid of the stones. Once the stones have been removed, you will no longer feel the Kidney pain. Surgery is taken as the last resort when there is no other medication or treatment that can be offered.
- Draining the Kidney Cyst
If the main cause of the kidney pain is a Polycystic Kidney Disease then a Urologist may decide to reduce the size of large cysts by inserting a long, thin needle through your skin into the Kidney Cyst. This action completely drains away the fluid thus reducing the size of the cyst. After the fluid has been drained away, the cyst is filled with alcohol that prevents it from reappearing again.
It is highly recommended that you seek medical attention whenever you feel any pain in your back and lower side before starting medication.